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12. "The best of your garments are those which are white; shroud your dead in them and clothe your living with them. The best of that which you apply to your eyelids is antimony causing the eyelashes to grow and sharpening the eyesight." [Ibn Hibbân, Sahîh]

The difference between cooperative insurance and commercial insurance

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The difference between cooperative insurance and commercial insurance

 


Question:

Cooperative insurance is sometimes described as the lawful alternative to commercial insurance. In what ways do the two types differ? And what is it that makes commercial insurance forbidden and cooperative insurance permissible?
Answer:

The term "Coopertive Insurance" does not mean compensation, it only means mutual cooperation in times of affliction and accidents. As for commercial insurance, the aim of it is profit and it is a form of gambling, which Allah - Almighty, All-Powerful - has forbidden in His Book, and He has mentioned it along with (drinking) Alcohol, Ansab (i.e. idols), and seeking decisions through diving arrows. This is a difference, and this is why you find that when a man lends a person a Dinar and the borrower does not return it until a year or more or less has passed, this will be correct, but if he gave him a Dinar for compensation for each Dinar, this would be wrong and forbidden. So the person's intention has an influence on changing a transaction from forbidden to permissible.
Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Islamiyah, volume 5 / page 21